Follow Us

We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. If you continue to use this site, we'll assume you're happy with this. Alternatively, click here to find out how to manage these cookies

hide cookie message

Fun with OpenVZ

OpenVZ lacks only the management tools available in its commercial subling Virtuozzo.

Article comments

I've been messing around with OpenVZ for the past few weeks and having a blast. I really liked Virtuozzo, its commercial sibling, and I find that OpenVZ lacks only the management tools available in Virtuozzo. Since I was going to be building quite a few VPSes on the host servers, I wrote some very simple shell scripts to automate the process, from the actual VPS creation to custom package installation, NIS and NFS mount configuration, and so forth. Also, I found that I wanted to be able to run several commands across all VPSes simultaneously, or in series, so there's a script that handles that.

I also decided that although the /etc/sysconfig/vz-scripts/$VPSID.mount and umount scripts are handy, in my case they would all be the same, so there's a global script for those that is run from a symlink. These were written for one specific purpose, but I imagine that there are others that could use these tools as a starting point at least, so have at it. You can download the tools here: ovztools-0.0.1.tgz


This is a selection of simple bash-based OpenVZ tools, written to streamline VPS builds and configuration. They're written in bash for portability. They have been tested on Red Hat-based distributions such as Fedora and CentOS. Modifications will need to be made for other distributions.


Simply place all of the scripts in a directory in your path, such as /usr/local/sbin. Then move the global.* scripts to /etc/sysconfig/vz-scripts. You will need to modify variables in most of them to reflect your environment, and probably make significant modifications to


mkvz - This script condenses the creation of a VPS into a few prompts for hostname, IP address and VPSID, then builds the VPS to spec, adding packages specified in the $packages variable as well as performing post-install work via the script, such as modifying files to provide for NIS authentication and configuring various NFS mounts. - This is called from mkvz to perform various tasks within the new VPS, such as NIS setup and whatever else is needed.

vzdo - This script is used to run global commands across multiple VPSes, such as installing new packages to all VPSes via vzyum.

global.mount, global.umount - These scripts control all bind mounts to the VPSes when they're started and stopped. Rather than using a single script for each, these scripts are called via symbolic links in the /etc/sysconfig/vz-scripts directory, such as 101.mount -> global.mount. The script parses out the VPS id from $0 and performs the requisite mount --bind operations. Originally written as a single script, I broke it into two for simplicity.

vzdomount - This script can be called manually to mount --bind and directories within a VPS.

As always, YMMV.


More from Techworld

More relevant IT news


Send to a friend

Email this article to a friend or colleague:

PLEASE NOTE: Your name is used only to let the recipient know who sent the story, and in case of transmission error. Both your name and the recipient's name and address will not be used for any other purpose.

Techworld White Papers

Choose – and Choose Wisely – the Right MSP for Your SMB

End users need a technology partner that provides transparency, enables productivity, delivers...

Download Whitepaper

10 Effective Habits of Indispensable IT Departments

It’s no secret that responsibilities are growing while budgets continue to shrink. Download this...

Download Whitepaper

Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Information Archiving

Enterprise information archiving is contributing to organisational needs for e-discovery and...

Download Whitepaper

Advancing the state of virtualised backups

Dell Software’s vRanger is a veteran of the virtualisation specific backup market. It was the...

Download Whitepaper

Techworld UK - Technology - Business

Innovation, productivity, agility and profit

Watch this on demand webinar which explores IT innovation, managed print services and business agility.

Techworld Mobile Site

Access Techworld's content on the move

Get the latest news, product reviews and downloads on your mobile device with Techworld's mobile site.

Find out more...

From Wow to How : Making mobile and cloud work for you

On demand Biztech Briefing - Learn how to effectively deliver mobile work styles and cloud services together.

Watch now...

Site Map

* *